Finding Four Leaf Clovers

Finding a Four Leaf Clover

Finding a Four Leaf Clover 
Finding Four Leaf Clovers
Where can you find a four leaf clover? 
In fields or back yards in North and South America and any temperate climate.
Are clovers edible and  how to prepare to eat them?
Yes, the red and white clover are edible, you can boil the leaves and prepare to eat them. Pick the flower buds and roll them in bisquick mixed with water, salt & pepper. You can also make tea from the red clover it is called eissac.
Do they have medicinal benefits?

Red clover, Trifolium Protense is a source of  valuable nutrients including calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, and vitamin C. Red clover is of the richest sources of isoflavones, which are water-soluble chemicals that act like estrogens (known collectively as phytoestrogens). Red Clover is therefore used for hot flashes/flushes, PMS, breast enhancement and breast health & lowering cholesterol, improving urine production & improving circulation of the blood, to help prevent osteoporosis, reduce the possibility of blood clots & arterial plaques & limiting the development of benign prostate hyperplasia.

White Clover, Trifolium repens

Clover Available Around the World 

How do you know if it has four leaves does shape matter?

Shape and patterns matter. You need to look for square patterns not triangles.  Think of an area the size of a desk and then look for a clover that is square shaped and it should pop out at you.

Once you find them what do you do with them?

You can frame them and give them to a friend for good luck and safety, you can eat the red and white clovers by boiling them or rolling the flower part in bisquick and water and frying them like a fritter.

 Do they really bring good luck?

History says that they represent faith, hope, love and good luck! Many claim of their good fortune from being given a four leaf clover.

 

ways to recycle waterbottles!

everyone knows waterbottles can be melted down if done correctly i will  put a post on how to melt them these are some things you can do with them i wont add you can make slides and plastic chains but i will add this list

Toys, plastic keys,bowls, key cards for a lock, photo casings, windows,and lots more i cant think about right now by molding you might wanna wear rubber gloves so plastic doesn’t stick to your skin and it hardens quickly so you can remelt if you need more time be sure you have an efficient amount of plastic for the job and that’s just one of the ways you can recycle.

Teaching with the help of On-line Green Chemistry

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What is Green Chemistry? 

The term green chemistry was identified by Paul Anastas in 1991, however the term may have  originated by Trevor Kletz in his 1978 paper.  He proposed that chemists should seek alternative processes to those involving more dangerous substances and conditions.

Green chemistry applies to organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, biochemistry, analytical chemistry, and even physical chemistry. While green chemistry seems to focus on industrial applications, it does apply to any chemistry choice. The goal is to reduce the hazards and increase the efficiency of any chemical choice.

Green chemistry promotes chemical research and engineering that engages the design of sustainable methods and products or processes that minimize the use and generation of hazardous substances.  Green chemistry applies to organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, biochemistry, analytical chemistry, and even physical chemistry. While green chemistry seems to focus on industrial applications, it does apply to any chemistry choice. The use of supercritical carbon dioxide as green solvent, aqueous hydrogen peroxide for clean oxidations and the use of hydrogen in asymmetric synthesis.

Examples of applied green chemistry are supercritical water oxidation, on water reactions, and dry media reactions.

Environmental chemistry is the chemistry of the natural environment and of pollutant chemicals in nature, green chemistry seeks to reduce and prevent pollution at its source.

Bioengineering is also seen as a promising technique for achieving green chemistry goals. A number of important process chemicals can be synthesized in engineered organisms, such as shikimate, a Tamiflu precursor which is fermented by Roche in bacteria.

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12 Principles of Green Chemistry

Developed by Paul Anastas and John Warner*, the following list outlines an early conception of what would make a greener chemical, process, or product.
1. Prevention
It is better to prevent waste than to treat or clean up waste after it has been created.
2. Atom Economy
Synthetic methods should be designed to maximize the incorporation of all materials used in the process into the final product.
3. Less Hazardous Chemical Syntheses
Wherever practicable, synthetic methods should be designed to use and generate substances that possess little or no toxicity to human health and the environment.
4. Designing Safer Chemicals
Chemical products should be designed to affect their desired function while minimizing their toxicity.
5. Safer Solvents and Auxiliaries
The use of auxiliary substances (e.g., solvents, separation agents, etc.) should be made unnecessary wherever possible and innocuous when used.
6. Design for Energy Efficiency
Energy requirements of chemical processes should be recognized for their environmental and economic impacts and should be minimized. If possible, synthetic methods should be conducted at ambient temperature and pressure.
7. Use of Renewable Feedstocks
A raw material or feedstock should be renewable rather than depleting whenever technically and economically practicable.
8. Reduce Derivatives
Unnecessary derivatization (use of blocking groups, protection/ deprotection, temporary modification of physical/chemical processes) should be minimized or avoided if possible, because such steps require additional reagents and can generate waste.
9. Catalysis
Catalytic reagents (as selective as possible) are superior to stoichiometric reagents.
10. Design for Degradation
Chemical products should be designed so that at the end of their function they break down into innocuous degradation products and do not persist in the environment.
11. Real-time analysis for Pollution Prevention
Analytical methodologies need to be further developed to allow for real-time, in-process monitoring and control prior to the formation of hazardous substances.
12. Inherently Safer Chemistry for Accident Prevention
Substances and the form of a substance used in a chemical process should be chosen to minimize the potential for chemical accidents, including releases, explosions, and fires.
*Anastas, P. T.; Warner, J. C. Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice, Oxford University Press: New York, 1998, p.30. By permission of Oxford University Press.

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On-line Green Chemistry and High School Science Teaching

The incorporation of green chemistry principles into the curriculum has fueled a fundamentally new approach to the teaching of chemistry and the GEMs database has been designed to be a rich and efficient resource for green chemistry education materials

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Online Green Chemistry Labs for High School Science Teachers

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This lesson is from the Biomimicry Institute 3.8

 

fighting hunger

Fighting Hunger

INTRODUCTION

How are you fighting hunger? When your stomach growls punch yourself in the stomach. Of course you know I’m joking. Fighting hunger is more than an easy day recycling bottles, you must go places do things for fighting hunger, and this article will show you how.

CANNED FOOD DRIVES

Lets start with how a canned food drive works for fighting hunger. Someone creates an organization that receives canned foods like soups or baked beans. Then they will put up a box or container of some sort, placing the canned food into this container. People who cannot afford food will take a can so they can eat.  Another way of giving the food would be to go to a small organization of people who are poor and give the food to them, or just put the box there, so people can get the food freely and as they need. Another way to do a canned food drive is to set out a container labeled “CANNED FOOD”. People can put in and take out cans freely. You can also do this same thing with water, because remember hydration is important.

NATURAL FOOD

If you have trouble with getting food here are a few ways you can eat in nature while fighting hunger.  When your outside and hungry, if you see dandelions, your in luck! Go to those pretty flowers and take their leaves. Wash the leaves and eat them. You just had a healthy, satisfying and free meal! Another choice is to look for cattails. If you see them go over to them, take up the roots, wash the roots off, and eat them. Yet another good way to eat outside is whenever you see violets, go over to them, and eat their petals for a snack. (Before you eat the violets take caution to make sure they are violets. If you don’t it may result in the digestion of a poisonous flower.) A good way for fighting hunger is to eat white clover flowers. (A tip to remember for all of these ways of fighting hunger is to WASH BEFORE YOU EAT. This is very important because these plants could have come in contact with animal droppings, chemicals or any other harmful mess floating around in our atmosphere.) If your looking for something to eat, a good way to have something is to eat parslaine. Noted as a weed in most farmers gardens, this plant grows along the ground and has sweet edible oval shaped leaves that are good for hydration. Another tasty plant is lambs quarters. It sounds like a meat and sort of has a meaty taste. This plant can grow up to three feet high and has edible leaves. Yet another good snack (one of my favorites) is sweet green hearts, also known by the name of sour grass. It is a heart shaped clover with small yellow flowers. Every bit of it is edible, and it is natures sour candy. Berries are also a tasty way to satisfy your hunger. Black berries grow on thorns and are good to eat.

HUNTING

If you are a meat lover here are a few ways to get a meaty meal. One of the best ways is to devise a trap. One good trap is the string trap, made for burrowing animals, such as rabbits, groundhogs and more! The string trap is basically when you put a collapsible loop where the animals head would go into the trap and tie the other end of the string to something sturdy nearby so your meal cant get away.  Check the trap twice daily, and make sure to set up more than one. You can mark where your trap is by putting something brightly colored on a tree nearby. Another way to build a string trap is to make a slope against a tree, and make an upstanding collapsible loop on that slope. When your meal travels up that slope it will be caught in the loop. Once again make sure to tie the string to something sturdy nearby. Check it twice daily, and put up more than one like before. If you are trying to catch larger prey then you may want a larger trap. Make a large hoop between two trees where an animal will pass through. Secure it to a sturdy tree, and check twice daily.

CONCLUSION

I hope this post has helped you in your daily life to fight the hunger of others as well as your own. Please like, share, subscribe and comment to our posts. We want to hear what you have to say. If you have any requests or complaints about our posts leave them in the comments below and we will get back to you as soon as possible. Thank you for reading, this post on fighting hunger for everyone. Even you.

Why it is important to go Green!

Why it is important to Go Green!

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Recycle:  

why go green

Recyling prevents 2,400 pounds of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere

Plastics:

  • Plastics are used to manufacture everyday products such as beverage containers, toys, and furniture
  • Plastics make up almost 13 percent of the municipal solid waste stream, a dramatic increase from 1960, when plastics were less than one percent of the waste stream
  • The largest amount of plastics is found in containers and packaging (e.g., soft drink bottles, lids, shampoo bottles), but they also are found in durable (e.g., appliances, furniture) and nondurable goods (e.g., diapers, trash bags, cups and utensils, medical devices)
  • The recycling rate for different types of plastic varies greatly, resulting in an overall plastics recycling rate of only 9 percent, or 2.8 million tons in 2012. However, the recycling rate for some plastic products is much higher, for example in 2012, 28 percent of HDPE bottles and 31 percent of PET bottles and jars were recycled
    • 32 million tons of plastic waste were generated in 2012, representing 12.7 percent of total MSW
    • In 2012, the United States generated almost 14 million tons of plastics as containers and packaging
    • 11 million tons as durable goods such as appliances
    • 7 million tons as nondurable goods, such as plates and cups
    • Only 9 percent of the total plastic waste generated in 2012 was recovered for recycling
    • In 2012, the category of plastics which includes bags, sacks, and wraps was recycled at about 12 percent
    • Plastics also are found in automobiles, but recycling of these materials is counted separately from the MSW recycling rate

How Plastics Are Made:

Plastics can be divided in to two major categories:

a. thermosets      b. thermoplastics.

A thermoset solidifies or “sets” irreversibly when heated. They are useful for their durability and strength, and are therefore used primarily in automobiles and construction applications. Other uses are adhesives, inks, and coatings.

A thermoplastic softens when exposed to heat and returns to original condition at room temperature. Thermoplastics can easily be shaped and molded into products such as milk jugs, floor coverings, credit cards, and carpet fibers.

Plastics Recycling:

According to the American Chemistry Council, about 1,800 US businesses handle or reclaim post-consumer plastics. Plastics from MSW are usually collected from curbside recycling bins or drop-off sites. Then, they go to a material recovery facility, where the materials are sorted by plastic type, baled, and sent to a reclaiming facility. At the facility, any trash or dirt is sorted out, then the plastic is washed and ground into small flakes. A flotation tank may be used to further separate contaminants, based on their different densities. Flakes are then dried, melted, filtered, and formed into pellets. The pellets are shipped to product manufacturing plants, where they are made into new plastic products.

Resin Identification Code:

The resin identification coding (RIC) system for plastic, represented by the numbers on the bottom of plastic containers, was introduced by SPI, the plastics industry trade association, in 1988 and transferred to ASTM International in 2010. Consumers can then use this information to determine whether or not certain plastic types are collected for recycling in their area. Contrary to common belief, just because a plastic product has the resin number in a triangle, which looks very similar to the recycling symbol, it does not mean it is collected for recycling.

SPI Resin Identification Code

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Type of Resin Content

PET

HDPE

Vinyl

LDPE

PP

PS

OTHER

 

  • PET – Polyethylene Terephthalate
  • HDPE – High-density Polyethylene
  • LDPE – Low-density Polyethylene
  • Vinyl – Poly Vinyl Chloride
  • PP – Polypropylene
  • PS – Polystyrene
  • Other – Mixed Plastics

 Aluminum cans:

  • In 2009, 3.4 million tons of aluminum were generated in the U.S. and .69 million tons were recovered
  • In the United States, over 100,000 aluminum cans are recycled each minute
  • That amounts to 53 billion cans recycled in 2010. However, over $1.1 billion in aluminum cans were wasted in 2010
  • The aluminum cans recycled in 2010, stacked one on top of the other, would be 1,454 times taller than the Empire State Building
  •  If you laid all the aluminum cans recycled in 2010 end to end, they could circle the earth 169 times
  • The U.S. recycling rate for aluminum beverage cans reached 58.1% in 2010- a rate that is more than double that of any other beverage container

Purchase products that are eco-friendly

Such as; Aveda, Starbucks, Free Trade.

Eliminate  your Junk Mail:

 

  • 4 million tons, 62,000,000 billion pieces of junk mail are printed yearly
  •  Each person receives over 560 pieces of junk mail each year, of which only 40% never gets opened
  • 2.8 million cars consume less energy than it takes to produce and dispose of the junk mail
  •  Each year over 100 million trees are destroyed to produce junk mail

Please visit these sites to eliminate your junk mail!
http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/index.htm
http://www.41pounds.org/
http://www.obviously.com/junkmail/

Lights: 

why go green-Lighting

Replace  your current lights with compact fluorescent light bulbs (cfl’s).  The CFL bulb needs 60% less energy than a normal light bulb.  CO2 prevention:   If all US households made this substitute, they would prevent over 90 billion pounds of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere each year.

Go to Energy Federation to purchase CFL’s online.

Thermostat: 

  • Adjust your thermostat up 2 degrees in the summer and down 2 degrees in the winter

CO2 prevention:  this would prevent 2,000 pounds of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere.

  • Fact:  Investing in a programmable thermostat most likely will pay for itself the first year.  By lowering the air conditioning or heat before you go to bed and raising it when you wake up each night, this could save you $100.00 a year.

For more suggestions on how to save energy, go to the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy.

Filters:

Filter Cleaning and replacement on your air conditioner and furnace CO2 prevention:  350 pounds of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere each year

Appliances:

Invest in Appliances that are Energy Efficient.  Choose appliances that have the Energy Star Labelthem

CO2 prevention:  U.S. households would prevent 175 million tons or carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere each year.

Water: 

Placing an insulation blanket around your water heater will prevent 1,000 pounds of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere.

CO2 prevention:   If you place the setting to 120 degrees Fahrenheit, you will prevent an additional 550 pounds of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere.

Visit American Water to find out ways to save water.

Electrical Devices: 

Turn off your lights, computer, TV, and stereo if you are not using them.  Simply plug your devices into a power strip and turn that one switch off when you leave.

CO2 prevention:  thousands of pounds of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere.

Insulate your home:

CO2 prevention:  2,000 pounds of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere.  You also receive the added benefit of saving approximately 25% of your energy bill.

For great tips on how to insulate your home, visit Consumer Federation of America.

Energy: 

Tired of getting electric bills in the mail?  Substitute your home’s current power source with renewable power source such as solar or wind.

To learn more, go to Green Power Network .

Food: 

why go green
Eating organic local food helps the environment!  Producing and transporting food consumes a lot of fuel and energy.  Here are the facts:

  • The average meal you eat has traveled 1,200 miles.  If you buy local food, it will not have to travel as far. Visit the USDA website to find a local farmer’s market in your neighborhood.
  • Farmers Markets in Mahoning County:

Watch the Documentary:  Food Matters & Food Incorporated

 

  • Eat more vegetarian and less meat.
  • The second most contributing greenhouse gas next to carbon dioxide is methane
  • Cows exhale methane because of their grassy diets
  • More importantly, however, is that most of the forests being destroyed are converted into grazing lands for the cows
  •  The average meat diet demands almost ten times more land than a vegetarian diet
  •  When the forests are destroyed, not only does natural habitat get wiped out, but it releases over a billion tons of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere each year
  • Giving up just one meat meal each week and you would conserve 40,000 gallons of water, 70 tons of grain, and prevent 300 pounds of greenhouse gasses from entering the atmosphere each year

Watch the documentary the  Inconvenient Truth 

Plant Trees!!!  Link to Become a Rainforest Maker
You don’t have to be a treehugger to love trees!

What you can do

The first 5 steps will save you money!!!

  1. Turn lights off – connect your electrical devices to a power strip and shut it off when you leave
  2. Recycle, Recycle, Recycle
  3. Use a glass or ceramic cup to drink, not a paper cup, plastic bottle or can
  4. Use email instead of paper to send mail, documents, reports, and records.
  5. Use the double sided feature on your copier whenever possible
  6. Purchase 100 percent post-consumer waste, non-chlorinated paper
  7. Recycle paper (see our clip on ‘how to’)

As reported by conservation..org

40 % of all solid waste is generated from a variety of paper products. Office paper comprises a quarter of that waste

  •  less than 20 % of office wastepaper in the U.S. is recovered for recycling
  • Post-consumer content refers to products that have completed their lives as consumer items, and, if not recycled, would otherwise be disposed of as solid waste
  • 100% of post-consumer waste paper stock is made completely from recycled products
  •  When buying paper, remember, the higher the percentage of post consumer waste, the larger the amount of recycled material in the paper stock
  • The majority of paper is chlorinated or bleached to a bright white, creating a pollution by-product
  • Many paper companies offer a selection of non-chlorinated paper
  • Look for totally chlorine-free paper stocks (TCF); processed chlorine-free paper (PCF) that contains recycled content produced without chlorine or its derivatives; partially processed chlorine-free paper stock (%PCF); and elementally chlorine-free paper stock (ECF), virgin paper produced without chlorine but with chlorine derivatives
  •  Non-chlorinated paper is more natural in color, but is of the same high quality as the bleached variety.

 

YOUR TRAVEL

  1. Plant trees when you travel!   Here are some good guidelines:1 tree every 2,000 miles (3200 km) by car
    1 tree every 1300 miles (2000 km) by plane
    1 tree every 100 gallons (375 liters) of gasoline
    1 tree every 1000 kilowatt-hours (one kwhr ~= 1.9 pounds CO2)
  2. Alternative Travel.Transportation vehicles are one of the biggest contributors of carbon dioxide

There are several options you can choose from when traveling, all of which would have a lesser impact on the Earth and your wallet.

For example, you can
Walk:    Walk to work

Bike:    Bike to work.

 Carpool :

CO2 prevention:     Twice a week will prevent 1,590 pounds of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere Visit erideshare.com which is a free service that connects commuters.

Carshare:   These are great alternatives for people who want a car.   You pay a  reasonable membership fee and this covers your insurance, maintenance, and your gas!

Visit ZipCar to find out more.

Public Transportation:   Visit the American Public Transportation Association

Telecommute:     Ever consider working from home?  You could save a considerable amount of money and be helping the environment at the same time.  Visit for more information .

Hybrids:  Choose a more fuel efficient vehicle. http://www.greenercars.org/     http://www.epa.gov/autoemissions

YOUR CAR

Inflate your tires
Your gas mileage will improve by at least 3%.

CO2 prevention:  you will prevent 20 pounds of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere for each gallon of gas that you save.

Visit Car Care to learn tips on proper inflation.

Regular Maintenance:
CO2 prevention:  Keeping your car regularly maintained will improve your gas mileage and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. If as little as  1% of automobile owners regularly maintain their car, they would prevent approximately one billion pounds of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere

 

iec

10 Ways To go Green.

Intro.

To the people who care and want to make a difference, here are 10 ways to go green. This easy 10 ways to go green list will help you care for the environment in your every day life.

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The first and possibly most popular way to go green is to recycle. You have heard about recycling plastic, but did you know that the type of plastic matters? Before you go and give the plastic place all your bottles, check what kind of plastic they take. Another way to recycle your bottles is to fill them with water from the tap, and fill your fridge.

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Another way to go green is to buy recycled items from your local store. By doing this you are taking someone else recycled items, there fore creating a higher demand for recycled objects prompting more people to reduce reuse and recycle.

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Once more, a good way to help the environment is to clean it up. Take a trash day, and go around picking up the litter of those not so caring. To make it fun for the kids have a competition to see who can get the most trash. To make it even more exiting, you could give them a crown made of recycled bottles. They could be the king/ queen of trash.

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If you buy foods that pesticides haven’t been used  on you are creating a higher demand for this product, therefore reducing the amount of pesticides used in our atmosphere.

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If you like bananas then a compost pile is for you. Instead of throwing away fruit rinds or bad leftovers designate a space in your backyard to let the nutrients go to the earth. This would also be a good place for any spring planting. By having a compost pile you are also reducing the amount of trash going to numerous dumps that are having trouble containing all of our garbage.

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Try to keep yourself from dropping things around on lawns, sidewalks, or in water. Instead look for a nearby trash can, stash it in your pockets or if you have no pockets hold on to your trash until you get home. By doing this your keeping earth clean and officially going green.

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When your taking a hike, or just walking through the woods leave nature in nature. There are people who sometimes like to pick up strange looking bugs or snakes, as well as squirrels or other small animals for pets. They think they wont make it in the wild, but the animals as well as other small creatures are built for their type of surroundings.

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Some ways to keep our earth clean are as basic as car care. Yes if you heard me right I said car care. Nowadays you see pretty rainbow puddles in your local stores parking lot, and when it rains guess where all that shiny stuff goes? It can go through our soil, into our groundwater, and even in our very own backyards before it gets to the sewer.  That’s why it is important to make sure your car does not give off any of this stuff.

10 ways to go green / 9

Did you know that even the clothes on your body can make a difference? We will be selling T-shirts that give out the sign to let others know to go green. They will say “Go Green at ifeveryonecared.org” so they will visit our site and learn how they can make a difference.

10 ways to go green / 10

Spread the word! Let others know how they can go green to keep our earth clean. If someone drops litter, let them know. If someones car is leaking, let them know. If you know someone who loves bananas, you have to let them know!

Conclusion

Thank you for taking the time to learn how to keep our earth clean. Please like, subscribe and share our posts. Remember, YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE! Stay tuned for more posts, and thank you for reading.